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Par le Correspondent de CNS News
a Port-au-Prince

Agence de Nouvelles des Caraibes



* * * * *

Haiti is an enigma.

It is mysterious, fascinating, complex. It is cultured 
and abundant in history. It is very rich, and it is 
extremely poor. It is genteel, and it is violent.
It is proud. It is arrogant.

It is: HAITI.

What does Haiti need today?

It needs a voice. Not a monolithic, special-interest voice.
It needs diverse voices to be heard.

It needs respect:
Respect that it has sincere, well-trained citizens willing to 
work for the countryís betterment. Respect that it can work 
out its problems, that it can make itself function, that it 
can begin to address the social needs of its citizenry.

YES, Haiti can have its voice and its respect.

Haiti is no different from any other country in those areas.
Maybe itís no betteróbut itís certainly no worse.


26 JUIN 2001







"A call to action" from UN Secretary-General in fight against HIV/AIDS


By Serge Beaulieu
UN Bureau Chief

United Nations (CNS NEWS)
More than 15 African heads of state, prime ministers, and ministers will join other dignitaries at the UN for a three-day conference from Monday, June 25 to Wednesday, June 27. This conference was called as a matter of urgency to discuss the problem of human immunodeficiency virus in all its aspects.

The conference will call upon governments, with the assistance from UNAIDS and donors, to ensure that by 2005 at least 90 percent of the worldís population will have access to information, education, and services to reduce their vulnerability to this infection.

After 20 years, the world has suddenly become fully aware of this catastrophe that has been devastating the continent of Africa. Countries like Botswana, with more than 38 percent of its population infected, are on the verge of a major disaster. Other countries in line are Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Kenya, Malawi, and Djibouti.

A total of 36.1 million adults and children are estimated to be living with HIV. 

The Sub-Saharan Africa region alone is estimated at 25.3 million. 
South and Southeast Asia 5.8 million 
North America 920,000
The Caribbean 390,000 
Latin America 1.4 million
Western Europe has been calculated at 540,000
Eastern Europe and Central Asia 700,000
North Africa and the Middle East 400,000
East Asia and the Pacific 640,000
Australia and New Zealand 15,000


So far, no definite cure has been discovered, but some medicines have been found to alleviate the suffering and prolong the life of the patient.

One of the missions of the United Nations has been to encourage the pharmaceutical companies to lower the price of the vaccine in order to enable the African continent to use the drugs. So far, the pharmaceutical companies have decided to go along with this. Experiments have already started, particularly in Botswana, where the crisis is severe.

In the meantime, the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) is calling upon world leaders to make womenís roles central in the fight against HIV/AIDS. They claim there is a direct correlation between the low status of women, the violation of their human rights, and HIV transmission. 

Noellen Hayzer, executive director of UNIFEM, said, "This is not simply a matter of social justice. Gender inequality is fatal. The reason that AIDS has escalated into a pandemic is that inequality between women and men continues to be pervasive and persistent. Too often, women and girls cannot say no to unwanted and unprotected sex without fear of reprisal."

The statistics are alarming

Last year 1.3 million women died of AIDS. 
Nearly half of all new HIV infections occur in women.

UNIFEM calls for a guarantee of womenís equal access to prevention and treatment and that research be made gender sensitive. It even placed a call to make female and male condoms affordable and accessible to all.

In Latin America and the Caribbean, almost 1.8 million people live with HIV, including the 210,000 adults and children infected in the year 2000..

At 5 percent, Haiti has the highest HIV adult prevalence rate in the world outside Sub-Saharan Africa. The rate in five other Caribbean countries hovers around 2 percent of the adult population. It was perhaps for this reason that Haitiís first lady, Mrs. Mildred Aristide, was chosen by the United Nations Development Program to be part of a panel to discuss the implications for poverty reduction and the impact of HIV/AIDS.

Points to be discussed: 

What can countries do to respond to the poverty creating impact of the epidemic?

How can essential public services be maintained when human resources are lost, public revenues reduced, and budgets diverted?

How can economic prosperity be achieved notwithstanding the impact of the epidemic?

Among the other panelists will be Mark Malloch Brown, Administrator of the UNDP; Rev. Gideon Byamugisha, Diocese of Namirembe, Rwanda; Ernest Yonly, Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance, Burkina Faso; and Juan Somavia, Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO).

It will be the first diplomatic assignment for Haitiís First Lady, who is a member of the bar in Washington, D.C., where she met Jean Bertrand Aristide while he was in exile. The couple was later married in Haiti.

All eyes will be on the performance of Haitiís first lady.

* * * * * * * * * *

United Nations, June 26, 2001 (CNS NEWS)

The Government of Canada is strengthening its response to the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Maria Minna, Canada's Minister for International Cooperation, has announced that the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) is committing over $73 million to fight HIV/AIDS in developing countries.

The Minister made the announcement while attending the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS.

"Canada is acting to help stop this disease from ravaging the developing world," Minister Minna said. " We must increase education and prevention while ensuring that those who are now living with HIV/AIDS have access to care."

$44.6 million will be used for initiatives in Africa, $20 million in the Americas, $1.8 million in Asia and $6.7 million in Central and Eastern Europe. 

The programming includes enhanced support to HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean. 
$20 million has been allocated for 5 years to the Carribean Epidemiology Centre, CARICOM and other regional organizations for work in Pan-Caribbean countries (Commonwealth Caribbean, Haiti, and Dominican Republic) that will support advocacy, policy development and legislation, care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS, the prevention of HIV transmission with a focus on young people, prevention among especially vulnerable groups, and prevention of mother to child transmission.


The following was released Monday The White House:


                              June 18, 2001

 Dear Mr. Chairman: (Dear Senator:) (Dear Representative:)

Pursuant to section 559(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2000, I hereby
transmit to you the final semiannual report concerning the status of Haiti's

The report contains eight subsections that provide information
required by section 559(b) of the Act. These subsections address:

 -- Governmental Institutions Envisioned in the 1987 Haitian

 -- Privatization of Haiti's Major Public Entities;

 -- Efforts to Re-sign the Lapsed Bilateral Repatriation Agreement, and
  Cooperation in Halting Illegal Migration;

 -- Investigation and Prosecution of Extrajudicial and Political
  Killings, and Cooperation with the United States in Such Investigations;

 -- Removal and Maintenance of Separation of Human Rights Violators
  from Haitian Public Security Entities or Units;

 -- Ratification of the 1997 Maritime Counter-Narcotics Agreement;

 -- Development of Haiti's Domestic Capacity to Conduct Free, Fair,
  Democratic, and Administratively Sound Elections; and

 -- Demonstrated Commitment of Haiti's Minister of Justice to the
  Professionalism of the Judiciary, and Progress Toward Judicial Branch




Anthony Quinn and Serge Beaulieu
 at WNYC Radio and Television,, New York





IN 1972


Je voudrais dire que cíest un grand plaisir pour moi díetre ici avec vous car le grand reve de ma vie est de faire le role du grand Roi Christophe, et jíespere enfin de realiser pouvoir ce reve. Alors jíespere díetre en Haiti dans six mois.


Nous sommes en train de converser avec Anthony Quinn, et il nous fait part de ses bonnes intentions díaller en Haiti dans six mois. Ė et quelques parts díautres? Somewhere else?


Non, non, non. Parceque Ö Je voudrais dire que cíest un film realistic et pour moi Ö So now I go back to English. I think it would be a tremendous mistake to make this picture anywhere else, because what Iíve seen here tonight, the spirit, it would be ridiculous for any director to try to recreate the wonderful spirit that Iíve seen here, and that Iíve always know existed, and to try to recapture that same spirit any other place would be absolutely ridiculous. And, for me, this picture could only be realized in Haiti among the people. Because making motion pictures the atmosphere is such an integral part of the picture, the environment, you cannot recreate that anywhere else. I mean, it would be as ridiculous as someone coming to New York to make a picture about Mexico City or about the plains of Mexico. I think that the people, the terrain, everything gives the picture an atmosphere and would be a great loss to the picture if it wasnít made in its natural environment.

And let me say that this dream is not just a recent dream of mine. Iíve had this dream for actually thirty years to play this part. Someone asked me a few minutes ago how I intended to prepare myself culturally for this picture. I could only say that Iíve prepared myself all my lifeóand not only I, as an actor, prepared myselfóbut my mother and my whole ancestors prepared me to play this part. So I donít feel that I have to qualify as to why I feel that Iím imminently prepared culturally to play the part.


After tonight, do you feel a little closer to this dream?


I feel much closer, and Iíve really been touched by the warmth shown to me by the people here. Itís very interesting, because I think that somehow by some osmosis I feel that they feel my sincerity in wanting to make the picture. And I really feel Iíve been acceptedóthanks to you. And Iím really very proud, because as you saw by my getting up to dance, that I feel already the part. After all, we do come from the same milieu, the same environment. I feel that what I have to say about Henri Christophe is very private and very secretólike every artist who starts out to make a statement. And I think that my statement about Henri Christopher is very personal and very Haitian.


Letís talk about the script and Bill Attaway.


The script is being written right now by I think one of the great writers. Iíve read several stories and several scripts by this man. Heís never had the opportunity to show his great talents. Mr. Bill Attaway is taking a book that has, I think, a magnificent title, Black Majesty, that I bought and acquired, and a script that was written by a man named Janes Forsythe, called Defiant Island. . And Iíve acquired both the book and the script to now give to Mr. Attaway to use the two together. And I think that heís not only a great writer, but heís a very sympathetic writer to Haiti and Christophe.


So, Mr. Quinn, letís turn the page and chapter right now. What about your new book?


Well, Iím very happy to come back to the country and find myself an accepted author. Itís a new role in my life. Not necessarily that I wanted to confess. I just wanted to make it clear as to where I stood on many issues, and I chose the autobiographical way to tell the story about a particular instant in my life. But primarily, we have to be true to our dreams. And this, again Ė I hate to come back Ė but it comes back to the fact that my original impulse that deals with a young boy, when I was eleven years old, and what he wanted from life and what kind of a world he wanted. And I feel that as I grow older I made many concessions in my life, and I wasnít true to the dream. And now I want to be true to the dream of that little boy, and doing Christophe is very much a part of accomplishing that dream that I promised that little boy that I would get for him when I grew up into adulthood. I am now contracted by the Little Brown publishing company to write four other books, so I suppose I will now have a career as a writer, and Iím very happy.


I wish you all the luck in the world, Mr. Quinn.


Iíve been to talking to Mr. Anthony Quinn. This is Accent on Haiti, WNYC Radio. Thank you very much, Mr. Quinn.


Thank you for having me here.

* * * * *


By Serge Beaulieu

New York, June 4, 2001 (CNS NEWS)

Anthony Quinn, the world famous actor known best for his portrayal of Zorba the Greek, died quietly on Sunday, June 3 at age 86.

With his life of glory and luxury, Tony Quinn died, however, without accomplishing one of his most treasured dreamsóportraying Henri Christophe, the king of Haiti who killed himself in 1820 with a golden bullet in order to prevent his enemies from capturing him alive.

Christopheís Citadelle La Ferriere, a mountaintop fort on the outskirts of Haitiís northern town of Cap Haitien, remains today one of the worldís wonders.

In the 1970s Quinn, trying to accomplish his dream, bought the rights to a novel, Black Majesty, and commissioned a Barbadian author, Bill Ottaway, to write the screenplay.

As he was ready to go into production, the American black community exploded, opposing the portrayal of the black historical figure by Quinn. From Ossie Davis, Ellen Holly and Ruby Dee to Sidney Poitier, black actors protested strongly. The project was cancelled, and Quinn was very disappointed. He sent the following letter to broadcaster Serge Beaulieu, explaining his point of view.



* * * * * 

View of the world famous Citadelle on the outskirts of CapHaitien

* * * * *

* * * * * * *




Notre bataille n'est pas celle d'un groupe, mais bien une bataille authentique nationale, aussi nous devons remonter aux causes premieres qui ont toujours contrarie la marche en avant de notre pays.
Parmi ces causes, il faut signaler celle qui a traverse notre histoire de la decouverte a nos jours:  L'heritage colonial que nous appelons <<DIVISION>>.
L'histoire des caciques a partir de Guaganagaric en est un exemple, le comportement D'Oge de Chavannes, l'affaire du 30 ventose appelee encore l'affaire Villatte devait aboutir inevitablement a l'implacable guerre du SUD.  C'est la, la grande tarre coloniale symbolisee en la personne du general HEDOUVILLE.
Il est important de retrouver l'HAITIEN dans son authenticite quel ques soient son rang social, sa conviction ou ses croyances dans les divers domaines et disciplines de la vie.



                                     Serge Beaulieu "BOUBOULE"

                                 Director General of Radio Liberte

By Serge Beaulieu

After a 2-week visit to Haiti in March, Serge Beaulieu began to write a
series, "Democracy" Killed Haiti, to take a look at Haiti and its problems
today. This is part 9.

April 19, 2001 (CNS NEWS)

I landed in capital city Port-au-Prince on a regularly-scheduled American
Airlines plane at 2:35 P.M. on Thursday, March 8, 2001. When the pilot
announced that we were approaching the airport, my first concern was to try
to identify the tower site of Radio Liberte's 5Kw AM radio station. This
station has been destroyed so many times, it is always with emotion that I
approach the site. The tower was in its proper place, so I fastened my
seatbelt and prepared for the unknown.

After so many years away, I was finally at the airport, where my colleague,
Dr. Volvick Remy Joseph, recently designated Vice President of the newly
appointed Electoral Council (CEP), was on the tarmac waiting for me. After
the usual welcome and a quick visit to the Diplomatic Lounge, I was ready to
greet a crowd of Haitians gleefully shouting, "Bouboule is back!! Bouboule
is back!!

Dr. Joseph advised me to say a quick hello to the crowd and dash to the
hotel in order to start our first order of business. We went to the Holiday
Inn, now called Le Plaza, a place I call my residence.

After a few years' absence from the country, I discovered roads that I didn'
t know before and unusual traffic jams. One of the policemen driving us
said, "This is rush hour in Port-au-Prince." Then he added, "It's like this
all the time."

"The next thing you're going to find," the policeman continued, "is that
there is limited electricity--blackouts."

It took a lot of maneuvering, back streets, and detours from the airport to
end up at the hotel, located in downtown Port-au-Prince, across from the
Presidential Palace. It used to be a twenty-minute ride. It now took two

I was emotionally moved to see the park in front of the hotel, Champ de
Mars, enlarged to such an extent that I had to spend at least five minutes
rediscovering it. A large crowd immediately gathered in front of the hotel
and began to chant, "Bouboule is back!! Bouboule is back!!." The crowd got
larger and larger to such an extent that Dr. Joseph told me I had to get

By the time I reached the entrance of the hotel, the entire staff had heard
I was coming. I shook hands with all the employees, who had lined up to
tell me how much they had missed me. The newer staff members were looking
at me, stunned, until they were introduced by the veteran staff. I felt
that I had returned home, and my heart started to beat faster and faster.

Before I went to my room, Dr. Joseph said that I could relax, because the
Palace had already heard of my arrival, and the President had scheduled to
see me the next day at 1:30 P.M.

I was prepared to relax, unwind, and enjoy the beautiful Haiti that I had
missed so much over the past years, but my staff from Radio Liberte, who had
followed us from the airport, were pressuring me to make a quick visit to
the radio station. I thought that was a good idea.

Outside the hotel, once again, I had to wend my way through a large crowd of
people waiting to talk to me and ask questions. One of them shouted very
loudly, "Bouboule is back!! Hoorah for Aristide!!"

At the radio station, to get inside I had to, once again, work my way
through a large, waiting crowd. They said they wanted me to go on the air
right away, since one of our announcers had already said that I was going to
broadcast that day.

I said a few words to my listeners and promised to return on the air as soon
as possible. My four-hour daily talk show, broadcast from New York for the
past few years, had kept them aware of world events and enabled them to
discuss all subjects over the phone with me. "Dossier National, Dossier
International, Les Grands Debats," has remained the number one radio show,
heard by more than three million people every day.

An overseas call was already tracking my whereabouts-my family abroad was
making sure I was okay.

The station phone kept ringing. Listeners from all over the city wanted to
say a few words to welcome me back. They said they were delirious with joy.
Finally, my staff said I should return to the hotel in order to unwind and
get some rest. At the hotel, however, the telephone kept ringing.

Finally I fell asleep and woke up the next day, not really sure where I was.
I remembered the important meeting scheduled for later in the day and went
to the pool to swim a few laps. I got dressed and dashed to the restaurant
for a quick breakfast. I found all my staff waiting and the morning shift
of waiters had already prepared my table, as they had in the past. They
remembered exactly my diet, making sure that I did not drink local water
during the first few days.

After breakfast, I went directly to the radio station and found everything
in order. There were people everywhere. I talked to all of them,
separately and in groups. I found some of them in a situation of despair,
but they always approached me with a smile of complicity. Each had a story
to tell. The words "God preserve us" were repeated over and over. "This is
a country in the hands of God." They talked about the insecurity and
recommended that I be prudent. They were from all spheres of life: bankers,
business people, lawyers, former militiamen, former soldiers, street
vendors, beggars-they were all back at Radio Liberte, as before.

The time passed so quickly, when they announced that Dr. Joseph was
downstairs waiting for me, I barely had time to wash my face. We rushed the
palace, and I heard some members of the crowd say, "To the Palace with

Upon my arrival at the Palace gates, I was not surprised to see a large
crowd already waiting. Inside, suddenly the entire security service were on
hand shouting, "Bouboule!! Bouboule is back!!" I was so surprised to
recognize most of them as former friends and associates. The Lavalas
people, as I was saying on the air, are also Bouboule people. I felt very
comfortable walking up the Palace steps to reach the office of President

After a few minutes wait in the Diplomatic Salon, we were invited by a
distinguished woman to enter the office of President Aristide. With the
warm words, "Welcome, Bouboule!" President Aristide invited Dr. Joseph and
me to sit.

President Aristide opened the conversation by telling me that he still
remembered our last meeting at the National Palace, when he had invited all
political party heads for a meeting. He recalled that I had asked him not
only to gather us together, but also to unite us. I said, "Your Excellency,
it is not too late to do so. That is the reason for my presence here.
There are those in your own camp who think that reconciliation is not the
road, but you must resist them and accomplish what our ancestors had done in
order to free our country from colonialist powers and bring about the unity
of the Haitian family."

After thanking him for the invitation, we began to exchange views on the
situation. My first concern was to create a bridge between Gerard Gourgue,
who called himself the provisional president of Haiti, and Aristide, the
duly elected president. Aristide said point blank, "I am ready to receive
Gourgue as an opposition leader or anything else, but not as a provisional
president." I told him that I agreed and that the message would be

We went on to other subjects of concern to both of us. I found President
Aristide very attentive and very preoccupied with the organization of the
celebration in 2004 of the Bicentennial birthday of our independence. I
told the President of the joy he had given the people on my return. He

The Aristide I met was more mature than the last time I had visited with him
a few years earlier. He didn't even have someone taking notes. When I told
him how the Palace used to be managed some years back, he seemed to envision
what I was describing.

At no time during our conversation did President Aristide ask us to become a
member of his party or betray our own beliefs. It was a cordial meeting of
two brothers who had fought a successful battle on the ground against the
dictatorship of Jean-Claude Duvalier from the southern part of the country
all the way to the capital. But mysterious circumstances kept us apart
after Duvalier's overthrow.

As I left the palace, the staff-one by one-greeted me until I reached the
gate, where the crowd was waiting for me. I told them about part of my
conversation with the President, and, in their minds, they forecast that
soon I was going to be part of the government of President Aristide. For
whatever reason, the real Lavalas seemed to want me to be part of the

I returned to the hotel and transmitted the President's message to Gerard
Gourgue. He, in turn, gave me an answer for the President, which I
transmitted via special courier.

My second order of business was to correct the impression left by
demobilized soldiers from the former Haitian Armed Forces that they had
reentered politics by backing Gerard Gourgue as president. The committee
that I represented had come to see me, and I explained to them that no
negotiation would be possible if they took an attitude of confrontation by
reentering into the country's politics. I explained to them that the
Constitution itself, in Article 265, stipulated that the Armed Forces are
non-political, its members cannot be part of a political group or political
party and that they must observe strict neutrality.

I knew that, in my absence, because of their economic situation, a disbarred
lawyer, who had been in jail with some of them, had convinced a few to join
the Convergence, a group in opposition to Aristide. I reiterated to them
that the country as a whole still harbored hostility against the army.
Together we prepared a draft for submission to their group, which was to be
approved and signed by all members of the committee.

The next day, all the members of the committee-with the exception of one,
Sergeant Jean Baptiste Joseph, brought the draft duly signed and renamed me,
once again, as their chief negotiator. I asked about Jean Baptiste Joseph's
whereabouts. I was told that traffic had delayed him. I had to travel to
the south of the country to visit relatives and friends, and I left.
President Aristide had provided me with transportation and security.

When I returned, I didn't want to extend my stay, since the government was
paying my hotel bill. Also, I had obligations abroad. I returned to New
York, hoping to return soon to Haiti.




 Serge Beaulieu "BOUBOULE"

Director General of Radio Liberte

Ti Malice



FMaudio Powered;<br>Get free Player at www.playfm.comClick here to listen to Radio Liberte

Cliquez sur  FM pour l'ecoute de Radio Liberte Internationale